There is currently an active collaboration between TROPA group from UCM ( and the research group of Noel Keenlyside at the Geophysical Institute of the University of Bergen (UiB) (, with exchange visits between both partners. The research visits of Belén Rodríguez-Fonseca (UCM) and Elsa Mohino (UCM) to UiB and the one of Lea Svedsen (UiB) to UCM were all supported by three different grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Operated by Universidad Complutense de Madrid ( The research subject of the visits have been the modulation at decadal time scales of the Pacific and Atlantic El Niño impacts and the sources of skill for decadal predictions of Sahel rainfall. 

For further information, please contact Belén Rodríguez-Fonseca (brfonsec AT or Elsa Mohino (emohino AT