The TROPA UCM group has developed a broad experience in climate variability studies during the last 10 years. The group has focused its attention on the study of the Tropical and Extratropical Atlantic Variability, in particular in air-sea interactions (Polo et al., 2005, 2008a,b), SST forced tropical and extratropical atmospheric teleconnections and impacts,  relation to the Tropical Atlantic (Rodríguez-Fonseca and Castro, 2002; Rodriguez-Fonseca et al., 2006; García-Serrano et al., 2008; Losada et al., 2007; Losada et al., 2010b) and North Atlantic Oscillation forcings (Gomara et al, 2014,2015). Besides, TROPA group has done a step forward on the understanding of West African Moonson (Rodríguez-Fonseca et al. 2011; Losada et al.2010a; Mohino et al. 2011a,b,c,d) through the research developed for the European project AMMA-EU.

The group has worked in tropical Atlantic and Pacific SST variability in relation to its impacts on North Atlantic climate variability, applied to the Euro-Atlantic sector (Rodríguez-Fonseca et al., 2002; Rodríguez-Fonseca and Castro, 2002; Rodríguez-Fonseca et al., 2006; Losada et al., 2007; García-Serrano et al.2011a,b; Losada et al. 2012a; López-Parages and Rodríguez-Fonseca 2012, López-Parages et al, 2014,2015,2016), the explosive cyclogenesis (Gómara et al. 2014a,b), the West African Monsoon region (Mohino et al. 2011a,b; Polo et al. 2011; Rodríguez-Fonseca et al., 2011, Losada et al. 2012b) and the Southeastern Africa (Angola) area (Rodriguez Fonseca and Xavier, 2009). TROPA group has opened a new line of investigation regarding the changes of the interannual variability modes of the tropical Atlantic and Pacific regions, their connection, impacts and multidecadal modulations (Polo et al., 2008; Rodríguez-Fonseca et al. 2009, 2011; Mohino et al. 2011b; López-Parages and Rodríguez-Fonseca 2012; Losada et al. 2012b; Martín-Rey et al. 2012;2014).

The multidecadal variability of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans has been investigated through the analysis of the lastest state-of-art climate models, trying to isolate the internal and externally forced variability (Villamayor and Mohino 2014). Also , an evaluation of the decadal predictions in the frame of the CMIP5 project has been achieved recently in relation to the Sahelian rainfall (Mohino et al., 2016). 

Nowadays, TROPA is a reference group at international level, with published results in impacting journals and participation in European projects.

The group has achieved a background in data analysis (observations and models), determination of predictors for seasonal to decadal forecast, and a thorough knowledge of teleconnection dynamics, air-sea interactions and associated impacts. The group has developed skills in numerical simulations with General Circulation Models. In particular, the Speedy GCM, UCLA-AGCM and UCLA-AGCM-MIT-OGCM models and NEMO models. Moreover, the group has applied its knowledge about climate teleconnections in developing a statistical prediction tool, which considers different predictor fields and includes the non-stationarity of the teleconnections (Suárez and Rodríguez-Fonseca 2014).


1. Title of the project:Impact of the MJO on West Africa in the CMIP5 simulations
Reference : COOPA20025
From: March 2014 up to  September 2014
Finantial Entity : CSIC, Spain
Quantity : 9700 €
Principal Investigator: Dra. Belén Rodríguez Fonseca

2. Title of the project: Multiscale Climate Variability. Agronomical and Economical Impacts
Reference : CGL2012-38923-C02-01
From : February 2013 up to : January 2016
Finantial Entity : Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness
Quantity : 229320 €
Principal Investigator: Dra. Belén Rodríguez Fonseca

3. Title of the project: Actualization of resources at the Simeon Fongang Laboratory of Atmospheric and Ocean Physics at UCAD (Senegal)
Reference: 63 from the IX UCM Call for Cooperation and Development Projects 2012
Finantial Entity: Complutense University of Madrid, UCM
Quantity: 20.534€
From May 2013 up to September 2014
Principal Investigator: Dra. Elsa Mohino Harris
Summary of the project

4. Title of the project: Project for Innovation and Improvement of the quality of teaching activity: Virtual Laboratory of Meteorology and Climate
Reference: 122PCD1144
From 2011 up to 2012
Finantial Entity: Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Vicerrectorado de Evaluación de Calidad
Quantity: 3000 euros
Principal Investigator: Dra. Belen Rodriguez de Fonseca

5. Title of the project: Short term climate change predictability and projections
Reference: CGL2011-13564-E
From February 2012 up to January 2013
Finantial Entity: Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación
Quantity: 35.000. EUR
Principal Investigator: Dr. Elsa Mohino Harris
Summary of the project

6. Title of the project: Seminar Spain-Brazil on Atlantic Climate Variaiblity and Teleconnections
Reference: PHB2011-0113-TA
From October 15,2012 up to: October 19, 2012
Finantial Entity: Ministerio de Educacion. Programa Hispano-Brasileno de
cooperacion Interuniversitaria
Quantity: 4.400. Euros
Principal Investigator: Dra. Belen Rodriguez de Fonseca

7.Title of the project: Creation and Donation of a forecast statistical model of Sahel rainfall
Reference :VR: 101/11
From 2011 up to 2012
Finantial Entity: Complutense University of Madrid, UCM
Quantity: 29.340. €
Principal Investigator: Dra Belén Rodríguez de Fonseca

8. Title of the project: Tropical Atlantic variability and the Climate Shift
Reference :CGL2009-10285
From 2010 up to 2012
Finantial Entity : Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation
Quantity: 196000 €
Principal investigator: Dra Belén Rodríguez de Fonseca

9. Title of the project: Global Climate modelization by means of a hierarchy of climatic models. Application to the Iberian Peninsula (MOVAC)
Reference: 200800050084028
Finantial Entity: Spanish Ministry of Environment
From: December 2008 up to December 2011
Quantity: 408.653,72 EUR
Principal Investigator: Dra Maria Luisa Montoya

10. Title of the project : Variabilidad del Atlántico Tropical: dinámica impactos y teleconexiones.
Reference: CGL2006-04471
From 2006 up to 2009
Finantial Entity: Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology
Quantity: 85000 €
Principal Investigator: Dra María Belén Rodríguez de Fonseca

11. Title of the project: Study of the physical mechanisms involved in the predictability of winter climate anomalies in the Euro-Atlantic sector
Reference: REN2002-03424
From 2005 up to 2005
Finantial Entity: Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology
Quantity: 59800 €
Principal Investigator: Belén Rodríguez de Fonseca


12. Title of the project: PREFACE: Enhancing prediction of Tropical Atlantic climate and its impacts .
Finantial Entity: European Union (FP7 Program)
From: November 2013 up to October 2017
Quantity: 512 000 €
Principal Investigator: Belén Rodríguez de Fonseca (IP from UCM)

13. Title of the project: EU AMMA : African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis
Finantial Entity: European Union
From 2005 up to 2010
Quantity: 96000 €
Principal Investigator: Belén Rodríguez de Fonseca