The TROPA UCM group has developed a broad experience in climate variability studies during the last 10 years. The group has focused its attention on the study of the Tropical Atlantic Variability, in particular in air-sea interactions (Polo et al., 2005, 2008a,b), SST forced tropical and extratropical atmospheric teleconnections and impacts in relation to the Tropical Atlantic (Rodríguez-Fonseca and Castro, 2002; Rodriguez-Fonseca et al., 2006; García-Serrano et al., 2008; Losada et al., 2007; Losada et al., 2010b). Besides, TROPA group has done a step forward on the understanding of West African Moonson (Rodríguez-Fonseca et al. 2011; Losada et al.2010a; Mohino et al. 2011a,b,c,d) through the research developed for the European project AMMA-EU.

The group has worked in tropical Atlantic and Pacific SST variability in relation to its impacts on precipitation, applied to the Euro-Atlantic sector (Rodríguez-Fonseca et al., 2002; Rodríguez-Fonseca and Castro, 2002; Rodríguez-Fonseca et al., 2006; Losada et al., 2007; García-Serrano et al.2011a,b; Losada et al. 2012a; López-Parages and Rodríguez-Fonseca 2012), the explosive cyclogenesis (Gómara et al. 2014a,b), the West African Monsoon region (Mohino et al. 2011a,b; Polo et al. 2011; Rodríguez-Fonseca et al., 2011, Losada et al. 2012b) and the Southeastern Africa (Angola) area (Rodriguez Fonseca and Xavier, 2009). TROPA group has opened a new line of investigation regarding the changes of the interannual variability modes of the tropical Atlantic and Pacific regions, their connection, impacts and multidecadal modulations (Polo et al., 2008; Rodríguez-Fonseca et al. 2009, 2011; Mohino et al. 2011b; López-Parages and Rodríguez-Fonseca 2012; Losada et al. 2012b; Martín-Rey et al. 2012;2014). Furthermore, the multidecadal variability of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans has been investigated through the analysis of the lastest state-of-art climate models, trying to isolate the internal and externally forced variability (Villamayor and Mohino 2014).
The group has achieved a background in data analysis (observations and models), determination of predictors for seasonal forecast, and a thorough knowledge of teleconnection dynamics, air-sea interactions and associated impacts. The group has developed skills in numerical simulations with General Circulation Models. In particular, the Speedy GCM, UCLA-AGCM and UCLA-AGCM-MIT-OGCM models and NEMO models. Moreover, the group has applied its knowledge about climate teleconnections in developing a statistical prediction tool, which considers different predictor fields and includes the non-stationarity of the teleconnections (Suárez and Rodríguez-Fonseca 2014).

NATIONAL PROJECTS

1. Title of the project:Impact of the MJO on West Africa in the CMIP5 simulations
Reference : COOPA20025
From: March 2014 up to  September 2014
Finantial Entity : CSIC, Spain
Quantity : 9700 €
Principal Investigator: Dra. Belén Rodríguez Fonseca

2. Title of the project: Multiscale Climate Variability. Agronomical and Economical Impacts
Reference : CGL2012-38923-C02-01
From : February 2013 up to : January 2016
Finantial Entity : Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness
Quantity : 229320 €
Principal Investigator: Dra. Belén Rodríguez Fonseca

3. Title of the project: Actualization of resources at the Simeon Fongang Laboratory of Atmospheric and Ocean Physics at UCAD (Senegal)
Reference: 63 from the IX UCM Call for Cooperation and Development Projects 2012
Finantial Entity: Complutense University of Madrid, UCM
Quantity: 20.534€
From May 2013 up to September 2014
Principal Investigator: Dra. Elsa Mohino Harris
Summary of the project

4. Title of the project: Project for Innovation and Improvement of the quality of teaching activity: Virtual Laboratory of Meteorology and Climate
Reference: 122PCD1144
From 2011 up to 2012
Finantial Entity: Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Vicerrectorado de Evaluación de Calidad
Quantity: 3000 euros
Principal Investigator: Dra. Belen Rodriguez de Fonseca

5. Title of the project: Short term climate change predictability and projections
Reference: CGL2011-13564-E
From February 2012 up to January 2013
Finantial Entity: Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación
Quantity: 35.000. EUR
Principal Investigator: Dr. Elsa Mohino Harris
Summary of the project

6. Title of the project: Seminar Spain-Brazil on Atlantic Climate Variaiblity and Teleconnections
Reference: PHB2011-0113-TA
From October 15,2012 up to: October 19, 2012
Finantial Entity: Ministerio de Educacion. Programa Hispano-Brasileno de
cooperacion Interuniversitaria
Quantity: 4.400. Euros
Principal Investigator: Dra. Belen Rodriguez de Fonseca

7.Title of the project: Creation and Donation of a forecast statistical model of Sahel rainfall
Reference :VR: 101/11
From 2011 up to 2012
Finantial Entity: Complutense University of Madrid, UCM
Quantity: 29.340. €
Principal Investigator: Dra Belén Rodríguez de Fonseca

8. Title of the project: Tropical Atlantic variability and the Climate Shift
Reference :CGL2009-10285
From 2010 up to 2012
Finantial Entity : Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation
Quantity: 196000 €
Principal investigator: Dra Belén Rodríguez de Fonseca

9. Title of the project: Global Climate modelization by means of a hierarchy of climatic models. Application to the Iberian Peninsula (MOVAC)
Reference: 200800050084028
Finantial Entity: Spanish Ministry of Environment
From: December 2008 up to December 2011
Quantity: 408.653,72 EUR
Principal Investigator: Dra Maria Luisa Montoya

10. Title of the project : Variabilidad del Atlántico Tropical: dinámica impactos y teleconexiones.
Reference: CGL2006-04471
From 2006 up to 2009
Finantial Entity: Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology
Quantity: 85000 €
Principal Investigator: Dra María Belén Rodríguez de Fonseca

11. Title of the project: Study of the physical mechanisms involved in the predictability of winter climate anomalies in the Euro-Atlantic sector
Reference: REN2002-03424
From 2005 up to 2005
Finantial Entity: Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology
Quantity: 59800 €
Principal Investigator: Belén Rodríguez de Fonseca

INTERNATIONAL PROJECTS

12. Title of the project: PREFACE: Enhancing prediction of Tropical Atlantic climate and its impacts .
Finantial Entity: European Union (FP7 Program)
From: November 2013 up to October 2017
Quantity: 512 000 €
Principal Investigator: Belén Rodríguez de Fonseca (IP from UCM)

13. Title of the project: EU AMMA : African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis
Finantial Entity: European Union
From 2005 up to 2010
Quantity: 96000 €
Principal Investigator: Belén Rodríguez de Fonseca